Let’s assume a situation in the near future when the earth’s water will only evaporate but will never return back through precipitation? What will happen? No matter how big our oceans are, won’t they dry up one day? Let’s not go far and think about our sun. Though the energy possessed by our sun is beyond our imagination, we all are aware of the fact that one day its energy will be washed out in the lack of energy restoration.
These facts themselves clarify the need for recycling and restoration for a sustainable development. The basic principle of recycling runs the nature and when one side or only “extraction” becomes excessive, then it is bound to end up sooner or later.
In this world the production of wastes are at a rapid rate, and if there will be no recycling, landfill sites start to fill up, there will be no place for dumping and eventually earth will run out of its resources. Whenever, the matter centers around the wastages, domestic and industrial wastages hit the list. Most of the potential resources from these sectors are being dumped to the landfill sites when they could have been used for the further production. The metals, aluminium cans, paper, bauxite, electronic goods, plastics waste water, unburnt fuels and much other wastage after going through a certain processes can be reused. The most ideal form of waste disposal is reduce and reuse and recycling holds the third position in waste hierarchy
However when talking about the sustainable development, it should be considered that only the protection of the environment is not a sustainable development. Social, economic and the environmental aspects are the three interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development. So a question arises, does recycling meet its entire requirement? The answer is of course yes! Yes! And only yes! Recycling, without any doubt saves resources, saves energy, saves environment, and provides economic and social benefits as well. Moreover, the prevalent trend of burning, incineration are not the sustainable means for waste disposal as it will bring out the problem of space in the near future and some countries like Japan,USA and UK are already facing it.
Recycling on one side reduces the amount of input and on the other side even reduces the amount of the waste to be disposed. It’s an important strategy for reducing the environmental impacts of industrial pollutions. The steps in supplying recycled materials to industry typically use less energy than the steps in supplying virgin materials. Less energy means less fuel which ultimately reduces green house gases and prevents climate change.
Simultaneously, while talking about economic benefit we can take instance of Pennsylvania where 85000 people are employed for recycling and are earning worth. Nevertheless, it accounts for the social benefits as it prevents the displacement of the society for mining, extraction etc. However, recycling strategy has not been used in the way it should have been used, at least not in Nepal. Some countries have made recycling compulsory by enforcing various laws of bottle disposition, ”pay as you throw”and banning certain materials like newspaper, cardboard, electronics and degradable wastes from being dumped in the landfill sites. So recycling with its multibenefits is the demand of this century. Without recycling the future is uncertain, the humanity is at risk and the earth is at loss. So what are we thinking? Let’s go for it. One individual can make a difference!